About Tiji festival Trek - Upper Mustang Tiji Festival 2024

Tiji festival Trek - Upper Mustang Tiji Festival 2024

The Upper Mustang Tenji (Tiji) festival Trek is an annual event indigenous to lomanthang, Upper Mustang in Nepal. Tenji festival, commonly pronounced" Teeji," is an abbreviated form of Tempa chhirim, which translates to" prayer for world peace" Tenji commemorates the victory of Buddha's incarnation. Dhorji Sonam over a demon called MA TAM RU TA, whom Waxman ate and caused storms and droughts to destroy people's houses and livestock. The dance performed by the monks of lomanthang chhyode Gumba during these three days of the festival enacts the harassment of the MA TAM TU TA, the birth of Dhorji Sonam, the demon's son, and an attempt by Dhorji Sonam to return and the monster to the Buddha realm. The monks perform a dance called" TSA CHHAM "on the first day of the Tenji and "NGA CHHAM" on the second day. Tiji festival Trek is the similar package Upper Mustang Trek

The Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek is a popular trekking route in the Mustang region of Nepal, known for its unique cultural and natural attractions. The Tiji Festival is a vibrant and colorful celebration held annually in Lo Manthang, the capital of the former Kingdom of Lo. This festival is a three-day ritual that showcases the traditional Tibetan culture and religious practices.Tiji Festival influenced by Tibetan Buddhism is timed to coincide with the end of the dry season (late winter/spring). The Mustagi people have their way of family life, which is quite surprising for many outsiders. All the brothers in the family are married to a single girl, what you may call a practice of polyandry. 

The high desert region of the Tibetan influence, Kaligandaki, from the Tibetan border south to Kagbeni, is generally called Upper Mustang. First, explore the thousand years of the old monastery, caves, local tribes, and scenic beauties of the different landscapes. Then, make an adventure starting from the world's deepest gorge Kaligandaki Region into the world's highest regions. Lo-Mangthang Valley passes through an almost tree-less barren landscape through this trek, a steep rocky trail up and downhill, with panoramic views of Nilgiri, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, and several other peaks. The tour passes through high mountain passes, glaciers, and alpine valleys. The thousands of years of isolation have kept the culture, lifestyle, and heritage remain unchanged for centuries and to this date. The houses in Mustang are mostly made from stone and sun-baked mud bricks.

Location Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek

Upper Mustang is a remote region located in the north-central part of Nepal, bordering Tibet. It was once an independent kingdom and has retained its distinct Tibetan culture and traditions. Upper Mustang is located in the northern part of Nepal, bordering Tibet (China). It is a restricted area and was only opened to tourists in the early 1990s. The region is known for its arid landscapes, Tibetan culture, ancient monasteries, and the annual Tiji Festival.

Duration Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek

This duration includes both the trekking and festival experience.The duration of the Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek typically ranges from 15 to 18 days, depending on your itinerary and starting point. It includes both trekking days and time spent at the Tiji Festival itself.

Permits Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek

Since Upper Mustang is a restricted area, trekkers require a special permit called the "Upper Mustang Restricted Area Permit" to enter. Additionally, the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) is also required. 

  • Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP): This permit is required as the trek passes through the Annapurna Conservation Area.
  • Trekkers' Information Management System (TIMS) Card: This card is also necessary for trekking in the Annapurna region.
  • Special Restricted Area Permit: Since Upper Mustang is a restricted area, you'll need a special permit that can be obtained through a registered trekking agency in Nepal - Himalayan Asia Treks. 

Highlights Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek

The Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek offers stunning landscapes, ancient monasteries, caves, and breathtaking views of the Himalayas. The Tiji Festival itself is the main highlight, with masked dances, ancient rituals, and cultural performances that depict the victory of good over evil.

  • Tiji Festival: The main attraction is the Tiji Festival, a three-day traditional Tibetan festival celebrated in the ancient walled city of Lo Manthang. It features masked dances, cultural performances, and religious rituals.
  • Scenic Landscapes: You'll trek through a stark and arid landscape, with unique rock formations, caves, and views of the Himalayan mountains.
  • Tibetan Culture: Experience the Tibetan-influenced culture and lifestyle of the people in Upper Mustang. Visit monasteries and interact with the locals.
  • Ancient Cave Dwellings: Explore ancient cave dwellings and monasteries carved into the cliffs.

Difficulty Level Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek

The trek is considered moderate to difficult due to the high altitude and challenging terrain. Proper acclimatization and physical fitness are essential. The highest point of the trek is the Lo La Pass at an altitude of approximately 4,200 meters (13,780 feet). The Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek is considered moderately challenging. The trek involves walking at high altitudes (around 3,800 meters to 4,000 meters) and can have rough terrain, including steep ascents and descents. Proper acclimatization is essential. The remote location also means limited access to facilities and services, so you should be prepared for basic accommodations and long trekking days.

Accommodation and Facilities Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek

Accommodation along the trek is basic, with teahouses and guesthouses available in some villages. The facilities can be quite simple, with shared rooms, common dining areas, and basic meals. Due to the remote nature of the trek, it's advisable to be self-sufficient with essential items like warm clothing, trekking gear, and any specific dietary preferences. There are sme luxury lodges also available in Upper Mustang Region.

Note: If you are not satisfied with this itinerary and other details, please contact us to make the itinerary and further detail as per your need. For a Fixed Tiji Festival Date, please get in touch with us.


  • Explore Kathmandu and Pokhara City.
  • Scenic drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara.
  • Tiji Festival.
  • Explore the hidden kingdom of Lo Manthang.
  • Tibetan culture and lifestyle.
  • Explore KaliGandaki river.
  • A scenic flight from Pokhara to Jomsom and vice versa.
  • Forbidden kingdom of Mustang.
  • Picturesque view of different Himalayas.
  • Sacred monasteries and chorten. 
  • Mask dance.

Day to Day Itinerary

Welcome by our representative and transfer to the hotel. After transferring hotel, we will brief shortly program and introduce your staff who are guiding in whole trip. 

  • Accommodation: Three Star Hotel.
  • Location: Kathmandu.

After taking breakfast, we will start historical tour : Swayambhunath Stupa, Kathmandu Durbar Square and Pashupatinath Temple. After finishing city tour, you can do shopping / preparing Tiji Festival Trek if you need to buy or hire anything which you forget to bring with you. 

  • Meals: Breakfast.
  • Accommodation: Three Star Hotel.

After taking breakfast, we will take Tourist bus and start journey towards Pokhara with your guide. To reach Pokhara, it will take 6-7 hours and can enjoy wonderful small greenery mountain. On tthe way , you will see one of the famous river Trishuli for White Water Rafting also. 

Overnight in Pokhara.  

  • Meals: Breakfast.
  • Accommodation: Three Star Hotel.
  • Location: Pokhara.

After taking breakfast, transfer to the airport for a morning flight to Jomsom of 20 minutes over the mountains with views of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri, brings you at Jomsom, the district headquarter of Mustang. Jomsom is also major village on the Kaligandaki area linking the age old trans-Himalayan salt trade route to Tibet. From Jomsom onwards it is very windy in the afternoon, continue on the path on the Kali Gandaki river bed for 3 hours and finally reached Ekle Bhatti village . In Kagbeni a major tributary, Kak Khola coming from Muktinath , meets Mustang Khola from there the river is called the Kali Gandaki . 

Overnight in Ekle Bhatti . 

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Ekle Bhatti
  • Altitude: 2810m.

After doing the formalities of showing your restricted area trekking permit in Kagbeni we start our trekking because in Mustang there is heavy wind which gets up later in the day, blowing dust and sand around. The climb from Kagbeni to Chele passes through beautiful village of Tangbe, which offers white washed traditional houses and fields of barley, buckwheat’s and apple orchards. On the way we enjoy good views of Nilgiri mountain .Passing several ridges we cross a stream after Chhusang village, leave the Kaligandaki valley behind and climb further to the village of Chele. From Chele we start observing the typical Tibetan settlements of Upper Mustang .Overnight in Chele. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Chele
  • Altitude: 3050m.

After taking breakfast, we start our trek through a forest of small trees and green bushes which are able to survive in the narrow gorge because the high vertical walls keep them cool and sufficiently moist. Soon the valley broadens out and we can see walls built in front of caves which are temporary homes for the herders whose animals graze here. Sometimes it is possible to see the rare blue mountain sheep in this area. After about one hour we are on a pass offering a good view towards Samar, the Kali Gandaki valley and snow-capped peaks in the distance. After Samar we cross a side-valley, descending to its base and crossing over a creek, before we trek all the way up again on the other side. From Samar is a red painted cave monastery, which looks as if it has been stuck on to the vertical wall. This is Rangchyung chorten(the chorten that formed itself’), one of the most sacred places in Mustang. The walk to Shyangboche can seem never-ending. It is fairly easy, but a constant climb with the destination nowhere in sight, until, finally, a cluster of houses appears. It is much colder in Shyangboche. Overnight in Syangboche. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Shyangboche
  • Altitude: 3800m.

After taking breakfast we start our trekking. Today we pass three high passes with in 15 min. Yanda La, and passed a distinctive red chorten painted with Buddhism’s eight auspicious symbols and terraced valley with groups of yellowish trees appears and above the village of Ghelung are two red Gompas. Unlike other villages in Mustang, where the houses are built close together and look fortress-like, Ghelung is spread out wide on a patch of green grass and gives the impression of being a fairly affluent little community. Rising above the village are barren, brown hills and we can see the Nyi La pass straight ahead. The path descends gradually towards the Ghami La pass and on the way we see a rundown, deserted village downstream. Another broad valley comes in from the left-hand side and in its centre is Ghami, Mustang’s third largest town, which is high above the river and surrounded by fields. Overnight in Ghemi. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Ghemi
  • Altitude: 3520m.

We see the Mustang’s longest Mani wall (1000m) long and decorated with simple in well with the surrounding scenery outside the Ghemi. There is also a group of chortens standing in front of the red wall which forms the end of the valley. The architecture here is like carvings, blending organic extension of nature. According to legend when the famous Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava) came to the area and fought and destroyed a demon, its intestines landed at the site where the Mani wall stands, its lungs near the red cliffs behind and its heart at the spot where Mustang’s oldest monastery, Lo Gekar, was built. A steady climb takes us up a 3820m pass, after which a lunar-looking desert stretches to the horizon. The first indication of human presence we see next is the Tsarangchorten – the large red-painted Stupa is in the middle of the landscape and further down the monastery and the palace of Tsarang can be distinguished in the fields. A broad road leads to Tsarang, Mustang’s second town. Overnight in Tsarang. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Tsarang.
  • Altitude: 3560m.

After taking breakfast, trekking begins on flat terrain and the view, apart from a chorten and a few caves, is unrelieved barrenness. After crossing a pass and waking through two rocks forming a natural gate we have finally arrived at Lo Manthang. Overnight in Lo Mangtang. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Lo Mangthang
  • Altitude: 3800m.

After taking breakfast, we explore the surrounding areas, visit Namgyal Gompa and Tingkhar. Namgyal Gompa situated on a hill top serves as an important monastery of the local community and also as a local court. After visiting Namgyal Gompa , continue to the Tingkhar, the last main village of northwest of Lo- Mangthang and back to hotel. Overnight in Lo- Mangthang. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Lo Mangthang
  • Altitude: 3800m.

We can see dances and celebration, horse racing and giant tug of war. We can see people with Tibetan dress especially women wear traditional dress with colorful jewelry, monks in their robes and dancers in elaborate costumes. Where we are staying this city is old city and founded in 1380 and surrounded by wall, beyond where is not allowed to build home. Evils might harm living behind walls. Today, Bon lama gave a special mantra –prayer, guarding the town We will see Tibetan woman in traditional clothing and King of Mustang wears whole crown. This colorful ceremony exile hungry and evil spirits accompanied by unusual dance of Tibetan lamas. On last Tiji ends with the ceremonial destruction of the evils . Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Lo Mangthang
  • Altitude: 3800m.

We begin our return journey from Lo Manthang, taking the upper highland route. This highland route offers dramatic views of Lo Manthang and the Charang Valley, with snow clad peaks in the background. Just past the settlement of Lo Gekar, we reach the oldest monastery in Mustang, the GhareGompa. 

Overnight in Lo Gekar. 

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Gekar

We continue our journey on the highland route, crossing alpine meadows before dropping down a steep eroded gully to Dhakmar for lunch. After lunch, we walk through the pretty valley, climb to a ridge and descend from there back to Ghami. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Gelling
  • Altitude: 3060m.

Now we must retrace our route back over the Nyi La to Chhuksang. Overnight in Chuksang. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Chhuksang
  • Altitude: 2920m.

Take upper part route to Muktinath from where you will have the best breath taking views of surrounding landscape including Kagbeni valley. Muktinath is the most popular both Hindus and Buddhist pilgrimage center. It’s a beautiful Gurung people’s inhabitant and views of Dhaulagiri and Nilgiri is amazing from here. Overnight in Muktinath. Meal: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Muktinath
  • Altitude: 3900m

It's a final day, passing back through beautiful village Jharkot and views of Kagbeni to Jomsom where we end our trek. It's now time for us to take a nice hot shower. In the evening, you celebrate with your guide and Sherpa and exchange your good experiences what you had on the trekking. Or you can visit Marpha village (near Jomsom), where you can see apple orchids. Overnight in Jomsom.

  • Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner.
  • Accommodation: Tea House/Lodge
  • Location: Jomsom
  • Altitude: 2710m

At early morning, we will take flight towards Pokhara from Jomsom. After landing in Pokhara , we will take another domestic 25 min flight towards Kathmandu. Free time and farewell dinner in evening. 

Over night in Kathmandu.

  • Meals: Breakfast.
  • Accommodation: Three Star Hotel.
  • Location: Kathmandu.

After taking breakfast, we will start our journey towards international airport for your onward destination. 

  • Meals: Breakfast.
  • Location: Kathmandu.

What's Included

  • Accommodation on BB basis in Kathmandu and Pokhara in best three star hotel on twin or double sharing. 
  • Ground transportation (Airport pick up and drop, sightseeing by private).
  • Kathmandu to Pokhara by private vehicle and Pokhara-Jomsom-Pokhara-Kathmandu by domestic air.
  • Entrance fees in entrance fees in Kathmandu and Pokhara sightseeing place.
  • Three times meals at trekking route.
  • Accommodation in Tea house or lodge in trekking route.
  • Government licensed English speaking guide.
  • Porter (one porter for two person and carry 20 kg.
  • All necessary paper work like Permit and TIMS card (Trekkers information management system).
  • Travel and rescue arrangement.
  • Twenty four call assistance by our office representative.
  • Farewell dinner in typical Nepali restaurant.
  • Meals in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
  • Any type of insurance.
  • Any type of flight fare.
  • Personal nature expenses like bar bills, water, tea coffee, shower, laundry, wi fi in trekking route.
  • Tips.
  • Any extra cost which is not mentioned in Cost includes column.
  • Extra day for natural calamities like flood, landslide, flight cancellation

Useful Information

Before embarking on the Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek, there are several important things to know and consider.

Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Permits and Regulations: Upper Mustang is a restricted area, and trekkers are required to obtain a special permit called the "Upper Mustang Restricted Area Permit." Additionally, an Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and TIMS is also required since the trek passes through the Annapurna Conservation Area. These permits can be obtained through a registered trekking agency in Nepal.
  • Physical Fitness and Acclimatization: The Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek involves trekking at high altitudes, reaching elevations of over 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). Prior physical fitness preparation is crucial, including regular exercise, cardiovascular workouts, and hiking practice. It's also essential to acclimatize properly to prevent altitude sickness. Take rest days and ascend gradually to allow your body to adjust to the altitude.
  • Trekking Season and Weather: The best time to undertake the Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trek is during the spring season (April to May) and the autumn season (September to November). These months offer stable weather conditions with clear skies and moderate temperatures. It's advisable to avoid the monsoon season (June to August) due to heavy rainfall and potential landslides.
  • Packing and Equipment: Prepare a comprehensive packing list and ensure you have all the necessary trekking gear. Some essential items include a good-quality trekking backpack, sturdy hiking boots, warm clothing layers, a down jacket, a sleeping bag suitable for cold temperatures, a hat, gloves, sunglasses, sunscreen, a water bottle, and a basic first aid kit. It's recommended to pack light but carry all essential items.
  • Accommodation and Facilities: The teahouses and guesthouses along the Upper Mustang Trek route provide basic accommodation facilities. However, be prepared for simple amenities and limited choices. It's advisable to bring your own sleeping bag for added comfort and warmth. Carry some extra cash as there are no ATMs in the Upper Mustang region. There are some luxurious resort is also available in some places like Jomsom, Kagbeni, Lo- Mangthang.
  • Cultural Sensitivity and Respect: Upper Mustang is a culturally rich and sensitive area. It's essential to respect local customs, traditions, and religious sites. Observe appropriate dress codes, ask for permission before taking photographs of individuals or religious objects, and be mindful of local customs and practices.
  • Trekking Guides and Agencies: Hiring an experienced trekking guide or joining a reputable trekking agency is highly recommended. They can assist with obtaining permits, provide guidance on the route, offer valuable insights into the culture and traditions, and ensure your safety throughout the trek.
  • Safety Considerations: Trekking in high-altitude regions involves certain risks. It's crucial to be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and take necessary precautions. Stay hydrated, ascend gradually, and listen to your body. In case of any health concerns, inform your guide immediately. Additionally, purchase travel insurance that covers high-altitude trekking and emergency evacuations.

By being well-prepared, respectful of the local culture, and mindful of your health and safety, you can have a rewarding and memorable experience trekking to Upper Mustang and witnessing the vibrant Tiji Festival.

What do I need for trekking?/ Packing list :

  • Day pack (rucksack)
  • Light weight and warm trousers.
  • Socks.
  • Sun hats and gloves.
  • Full- sleeves t shirt.
  • Warm jackets.
  • Waterproof jacket, trousers and bag cover.
  • Light weight cotton clothing.
  • Waterproof or windcheater jacket.
  • Knee supports.
  • Sun glasses.
  • Sun cream and lip protector.
  • A one liter hard Water bottle.
  • Batteries
  • Flash light
  • Down jacket
  • Sleeping bag and duffel bag will provide by our company have to return.
  • Trekking shoes or boots.
  • A pair of sandals.