Tips of Prevent High Altitude Sickness in Trekking in Nepal

  • 2019-08-25
  • by Amrit Chhetri

For preventing high altitude sickness, we suggest drink plenty of filter water, climb slowly, take it easy everything, Medication, try to sleep low altitude and do not use smoking and alcohol.

Table of Contents

About High Altitude Sickness:

Altitude sickness or mountain sickness refers to an illness that takes place because of the reduction in exact level or amount of oxygen above the level of sea ranging usually of 4,800 feet or 1500meters. Altitude sickness incorporates many problems, which include minor headache and weariness to life-threatening formation of fluid in brain or lungs and even fatality while moving from moderate height to high altitudes in Nepal Himalaya Trekking.

The problem takes place whenever a person travels from low altitude to high altitude in less than a single day, like for instance more than 8,000 feet. However, depending on specific health condition of a person, altitude sickness may take place even at low altitudes i.e. about 4800 feet or 1500meters.

How can I find I am suffering from high altitude:

You may identify that you are suffering from high altitude sickness based on the following early symptoms while you are in Himalaya trekking in Nepal. Acute mountain sickness related symptoms usually appear within a few hours of your movement to high altitudes. These vary depending solely on severity of your health condition.

Mild Acute Mountain Sickness:

In case you suffer from a mild type of acute mountain sickness or high altitude sickness, you may often experience a few mild symptoms-

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Muscular aches
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Appetite loss
  • Irritability
  • Swelling of feet, hands and face
  • Rapid rate of heartbeat
  • Breathing shortness in combination with physical exertion

Severe Acute Mountain Sickness :

Severe cases associated with acute mountain sickness may result in relatively more intense symptoms and it may affect the lungs, heart, muscles and nervous system. These severe symptoms include-

  • Confusion because of swelling in the brain
  • Breathing shortness due to the presence of fluid in lungs
  • Congestion in the chest
  • Coughing
  • Skin discoloration and pale complexion
  • Inability to move or walk and lack of physical balance
  • Social withdrawal.

Types of altitude sickness:

Altitude sickness may be of three different types, which include:

AMS i.e. Acute Mountain Sickness:

AMS i.e. Acute Mountain Sickness constitutes the mildest form of the altitude sickness problem. In this case, trekkers may experience hangover type of feeling and suffer from headache, dizziness, nausea and muscular aches.

HAPE i.e. High Altitude Pulmonary Edema:

HAPE i.e. High Altitude Pulmonary Edema involves the formation of fluid within lungs, which may be of dangerous and life threatening for trekkers.

HACE i.e. High Altitude Cerebral Edema:

HACE i.e. High Altitude Cerebral Edema involves the most severe type of altitude sickness and takes place whenever there is fluid in human brain. It is of most life threatening and you require an immediate medical attention from the doctor.

How to prevent high altitude sickness in Trekking in Nepal:

Most of the times, trekkers may suffer from high altitude sickness while they go for trekking in Nepal. One can avoid this problem by taking some simple and easy steps, which include the following

Drink 5 Liters of Water in a Day:

Drinking approximately 5 liters of water in a day is the simplest possible way to avoid the problem of high altitude sickness. This is easy at low elevations when the temperature is high, while becomes burdensome when the temperature goes down and individuals perspire less. After having a few liters of water, one can feel as properly hydrated but as the body does extra work with less amount of oxygen, it needs more water. Hence, without any exception, you should essentially force down to consume 5 liters of water in a day.

Strictly Avoid Huge Elevation Gains in a Single Day:

High altitude trekkers should avoid big elevation gains in a single day i.e. not more than 1,500 vertical feet. Most of the individuals have a common misconception associated with high altitude trekking is that physical condition judges the ability of one’s body to fend off the problem of altitude sickness.

Because of this, most of the people in good shape or good physical fitness overlook the rules related to acclimatization as well as move too much high at the fastest possible speed and thereby, face problems. Hence, the itinerary designed by our Himalayan Asia Trek factor altitude gains and a few hiking days consequently to end up at relatively early. We always recommend you to embrace your pace, rest the legs and stay hydrated regularly.

Sleep Low to Climb High:

You may acclimatize in a better way if you opt to expose yourself to high altitudes but return to low altitude for sleep. Once you setup your camp, you should scramble up to a nearby hill, scope out from the scenery and head yourself downward to have rest during the nighttime.

When you get a rest day, you may grab the opportunity for hiking to higher elevations and return to hundred vertical feet. At high altitudes i.e. at about 10,000 feet or higher, this rule becomes very much essential. This is because; your body learns to cope up with considerably less amount of oxygen.

Eat Healthy and Maintain Your Carbohydrate Levels:

Your body does more work than normally you do. Thus, you should make sure to stay nourished and intake huge carbohydrate levels. The best thing is that we provide you with necessary snacks, including chocolates, nuts and other essential nutritious foods to keep trekkers nourished while trekking at heights.

Take Altitude Sickness Medicine in Advance:

You should make sure taking altitude sickness medicine in advance to control with your symptoms. You should consult with the doctor before its use.

  • Ibuprofen to treat symptoms related to mild altitude sickness, which include nausea and headaches.
  • Diamox or Acetazolamine acts a respiratory stimulant to help in metabolizing higher amount of oxygen in the human body, particularly during the nighttime. It accelerates the acclimatization process and acts as a prophylactic, especially by making unavoidably big ascents.

Therefore, with some essential tips, you should easily overcome the problem of acute altitude sickness.

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