Upper Mustang History: Upper Mustang is opened 1992 for foreigners and known as Forbidden Kingdom of Mustang. Upper Mustang gives you image of medieval age, mud walled towns and monasteries covered in original fresco. Upper Mustang located on the North of the Annapurna, this rugged ancient kingdom hides picturesque villages, sacred monasteries and rich cultural heritages.
Around Upper Mustang, there are many caves such as those of Nyphu , Yara, Chossar, Tange and Drakmar. Chosar Cave was founded in 800 BC, with more than forty chambers. Anthropologist found 13th century paintings and manuscripts executed in silver and gold in the Mahzhong cave. We can find frescoes painted by Newari artist in the 12th century.
Upper Mustang Trekking Permit:
If you are planning to Trekking to Upper Mustang
then you have to issue Special permit by Nepal Immigration with showing your original passport and Nepal visa.
- Mustang restricted permit all nationalities including Indian/ SAARC: US$ 500 per person for the 10 days and USD 50 per additional extra day.
- ACAP (Annapurna Conservation Area Project Permit) NPR 3000
- TIMS for NPR.1000
Main Attraction in Upper Mustang:
Lo Manthang :
Lo Manthang was founded in 1380 by Ame Pal who was constructed city wall and any of the still standing structure. The main attraction of Upper Mustang Trek
is Lo Manthang which is remaining wall city in Nepal and Chortens of Lo Manthang house relics of the Buddha. Royal Palace is four stores and made by King Jigme Dorje Dradul in 1440.
Monasteries in Lo Manthang:
- Red Walled Jampa
- Ngorchen Kunga Sangpo
- Tugchen Lhakhang
- Choprang Sakya Pa monastery
- Choide Monastery
People in Upper Mustang:
Baragaunle People: These people live south of upper mustang and north of Thakali people which villages name are Kagbeni and Muktinath. Their house is similar to Upper Mustang people built by mud and poorly ventilated. Their clothing is same like Upper Mustang people, Tibetan style and often brightly colored. The Baragaun village’s people follow Tibetan Buddhism with some Bon influences.
Lopa People: The Lopa people of Mustang lives in mud brick homes that are whitewashed on the outside and decorated on the inside, much like Tibetan homes. The Lopa People traditionally traded with Tibet but in the mid of eighteenth century the Thakalis to the south were granted a monopoly on the salt trade. They follow Tibetan Buddhism and marriages by parental agreement and capture and elopement.
The Teeji/Tiji Festival comes from the words Ten Che : meaning the hope of Buddha Dharma and celebrated three day ritual known as The Chasing of the Demons which focus on a local myth that tells of a deity named Dorje Jono who must battle against his demon father Dorje Sonnu to save the Kingdom of Mustang from destruction. The demon father wrecked large number destruction on the kingdom by creating a shortage of drinking water, which causes all sorts of disasters including famine and animal. Dorje Jono beats the demon and banishes him from the land and save the communities. They perform mask dances and praying . If you want to experience Teeji Festival and let know about fixed date, please book the Tiji Festival Trek
through local company in Nepal asking date of Tiji festival.
Short Itinerary of Upper Mustang Trek:
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1,300m)
Day 02: Kathmandu: Sightseeing and trek Preparation
Day 03: Drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara (827m/6 hrs)
Day 04: Fly to Jomsom (2,700m) and trek to Kagbeni (2,810m/ 3 hrs trek
Day 05: Trek to Chele (3,050m/6 hrs)
Day 06: Trek to Syanbochen (3,475m/6 hrs)
Day 07: Trek to Ghami (3,520m/6hrs)
Day 08: Trek to Tsarang (3,620m/6 hrs)
Day 09: Trek to Lo-Manthang (3,730m/4 hrs)
Day 10: Explore Lo Manthang/ Acclimatization
Day 11: Trek to Drakmar (3810 m/7 hrs)
Day 12: Trek to Ghiling (3,806m /6 hrs )
Day 13: Trek to Chhuksang (3050m/ 6 hrs)
Day 14: Trek to Jomsom (2,700m/ 7 hrs)
Day 15: Fly back to Pokhara
Day 16: Drive from Pokhara to Kathmandu
Day 17: Final departure.